Ikebana ("living flowers") is the Japanese art of flower arrangement.
The term Ikebana is from the Japanese ikeru ("keep alive, arrange flowers, living") and hana ("flower"). Possible translations include "giving life to flowers" and "arranging flowers".
More than simply putting flowers in a container, Ikebana is a disciplined art form in which nature and humanity are brought together. Contrary to the idea of floral arrangement as a collection of particolored or multicolored arrangement of blooms, Ikebana often emphazises other areas of the plant, such as its stems, branches and leaves, and draw emphasis toward Line, Shape, Form, Texture and Space within the arrangement and Space surrounding the arrangement.
Though Ikebana is a creative expression, it has certain rules governing its form. The artist's intention behind each arrangement is shown through a piece's color combinations, natural shapes, graceful lines, and the usually implied meaning of the arrangement and often implied the Seasons. Festivals around the year is celebrated with a significant representation arrangement.
Another aspect present in Ikebana is its employment of minimalism. That is, an arrangement may consist of only a minimal number of blooms interspersed among stalks and leaves blooms interspersed among branches and foliage.
The original basic structure of a Japanese flower arrangement is based on three lines, considered in some schools to symbolize Heaven, Earth and Mankind and in others Sun, Moon and Earth.
The Container is a Key element and plays an important part of the composition. They are in various styles and material, Pottery, Metal, Glass, Wood and Basket.
The founder of Sogetsu School was Sofu Teshigaharain 1927. He quickly established himself and his talent, not just in Japan but also internationally.
In 1979 Sofu Teshigahara passed away and his eldest daughter Kasumi became the second Lemoto (Director) of the School.
In 1980, the brother of Kusmi, Hiroshi became the 3rd Lemoto. His Philosophy was very much the Art form in which he had great interest. He was involved with Pottery, Architecture and Sculpture.
In 2001 Hiroshi passed away and his second daughter became the 4th Lemoto. Since then she has futher expanded her interest and promoted Sogetsu Ikebana in Japan as well as the world.